09. Agosto 2020
dezzo de Syracuse escribió:
The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (commonly known as the United Nations Convention against Torture (UNCAT)) is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the United Nations, that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
Article 1.1 of the Convention defines torture as:
For the purpose of this Convention, the term "torture" means any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him, or a third person, information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed, or intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in, or incidental to, lawful sanctions.
The words "inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions" remain vague and very broad. It is extremely difficult to determine what sanctions are 'inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions' in a particular legal system and what are not. The drafters of the Convention neither provided any criteria for making such determination nor did it define the terms. The nature of the findings would so differ from one legal system to another that they would give rise to serious disputes among the Parties to the Convention. It was suggested that the reference to such rules would make the issue more complicated, for it would endow the rules with a semblance of legal binding force. This allows state parties to pass domestic laws that permit acts of torture that they believe are within the lawful sanctions clause. However, the most widely adopted interpretation of the lawful sanctions clause is that it refers to sanctions authorized by international law. Pursuant to this interpretation, only sanctions that are authorized by international law will fall within this exclusion. The interpretation of the lawful sanctions clause leaves no scope of application and is widely debated by authors, historians, and scholars alike.
Ban on torture
Article 2 prohibits torture, and requires parties to take effective measures to prevent it in any territory under their jurisdiction. This prohibition is absolute and non-derogable. "No exceptional circumstances whatsoever" may be invoked to justify torture, including war, threat of war, internal political instability, public emergency, terrorist acts, violent crime, or any form of armed conflict. In other words, torture cannot be justified as a means to protect public safety or prevent emergencies. Subordinates who commits acts of torture cannot abstain themselves from legal responsibility on the grounds that they were just following orders from their superiors.
The prohibition on torture applies to anywhere under a party's effective jurisdiction inside or outside of its borders, whether on board its ships or aircraft or in its military occupations, military bases, peacekeeping operations, health care industries, schools, day care centers, detention centers, embassies, or any other of its areas, and protects all people under its effective control, regardless of nationality or how that control is exercised.
The other articles of part I lay out specific obligations intended to implement this absolute prohibition by preventing, investigating, and punishing acts of torture.
Ban on refoulement
Article 3 prohibits parties from returning, extraditing, or refouling any person to a state "where there are substantial grounds for believing that he would be in danger of being subjected to torture." The Committee against Torture has held that this danger must be assessed not just for the initial receiving state, but also to states to which the person may be subsequently expelled, returned or extradited.
Ban on cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment
Article 16 requires parties to prevent "other acts of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment which do not amount to torture as defined in article 1" in any territory under their jurisdiction. Because it is often difficult to distinguish between cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment and torture, the Committee regards Article 16's prohibition of such act as similarly absolute and non-derogable.
02. Agosto 2020
Matze74 de Strausberg escribió:
Ich möchte mich mal bedanken für die Möglichkeit mal wieder in den Genuss eines entspannten Abends, in elektrisierender Atmosphäre, phantastischer Musik und einer tollen Crew gekommen zu sein. . Willkommen zu Hause. Jeder Cent hat sich gelohnt und wenn ich damit sogar noch etwas zum Erhalt des Insomnia beitragen kann, super. Ich bin auf jeden Fall sehr bald wieder dabei und freue mich schon jetzt auf diesen Abend. Fühlt Euch gedrückt, Matze
23. Julio 2020
Please include 2021 parties .. so we can plan our trip
05. Julio 2020
Patricksweet de Frechen escribió:
Hi ich bin der Patrick aus Frechen Single neu hier und Kontakt Freudig
20. Junio 2020
_p3rvliciou5_ de Braunschweig escribió:
Geile Aktion von euch bei Chaturbate aufzutauchen !!
Der gestrige Abend vor Ort war schon sehr geil :D
Musik gut , Show gut und Mitarbeiter gut.
Wünsche euch alles Gute und das ihr baldigst wieder eröffnen könnt !!!
28. Mayo 2020
the cuddling work shop was amazing we really enjoyed it with my partner, would you please please create more event like this where we can interact physically and emotionally with others .. am sure that you are creative enough, we are waiting from corona outbreak to end just to attend another cuddling event or something similar during October and we really wish if there is a cuddling event close to Hollowen so we can travel to attend them both
22. Mayo 2020
tango324 de berlin escribió:
hi , wir sind ein Orgy group und suchen weiter paar, w fur unsere Orgysex kreis .wir sind tabulose . wir machen ab und so privat Orgy , gb party in berlin und auch ab und so in Leipzig. wir haben weiter paar , black manner auch dabei . bei interesse , bitte melden
10. Mayo 2020
Escort-paar90 de Berlin (Berlin) escribió:
Guten Morgen hier beiden wir wünschen euch einen schönen Sonntag LG Alice und Toni
21. Marzo 2020
Großerdrache_B de Berlin escribió:
Kleines Schneeball-Experiment. Was wäre denn, wenn Nettigkeit viral ginge? Alle checken doch jetzt (wieder) Exponentialfunktionen (Mathe, 9. Klasse ;) ). Wenn jeder Mensch auch nur zwei Menschen davon überzeugt, mal wieder nett und achtsam zu sein, dann haben wir bald ein Land voller freundlicher Menschen. Wäre das nicht was? Macht Ihr mit?
16. Marzo 2020
arabadzhydimon de Одесса escribió:
Как подтвердить возраст ?